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 Case Studies

Combating financial crime in South Africa

This section aims to raise awareness of financial crimes committed in South Africa. It is compiled by the FIC, which fights crime by monitoring the proceeds of crime and combats money laundering and financing of terrorism.

Financial crime affects every South African, directly or indirectly, by robbing individual resources or draining the funds available for the country’s development. By knowing what to look out for, South Africans can avoid falling victim to common scams.

These case studies focus on a selection of prevalent crimes, defining each scheme, explaining how it works and how to avoid being a victim. Please use the search function below to learn more.

Cybercrime is the utilisation of technology to commit crime … Cyber criminals steal credit card details, online banking passwords and any other data that can compromise entities or …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 145KB

notes10 pyramid scheme What is it … A form of fraud that promises participants payment or services for recruiting others into what is presented as a legitimate business …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 55KB

notes26 use of front companies What is it … Front companies are used to conceal the proceeds of illicit activities … how it works Criminals set up or use businesses to launder money …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 52KB

 Suspicious credits outside of normal salary credits …  High value vehicles and immovable property …  Use of third party accounts, often family members … The FIC established that the subject …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 146KB

fauna and flora by criminal elements to enrich … in the process as well as the … smuggling of ivory, abalone, endangered species and rhino horns … Specific natural resources are targeted by …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 146KB

the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission … Entities are registered with the CIPC with names very similar to existing entities … Accounts are then opened in the name of these …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 147KB

notes13 account hijacking What is it … An account hijacker uses another person’s bank account … how it works A person, often unemployed or a low-income earner, is paid to open a bank account …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 152KB

 Suspicious deposits of large amounts in small denomination notes …  Rapid cash in and out of funds …  Acquisition of high value assets (i.e. property, vehicles …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 42KB

notes16 trade-based money laundering What is it … Money laundering is the processing of criminal proceeds to disguise their illegal origin … it is typically used to disguise the profits of …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 62KB

explained in South African legislation, deals with dishonest or fraudulent conduct by … those in power, typically involving bribery for some type of gain … The FIC was part of a multiagency …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 145KB