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 Case Studies

Combating financial crime in South Africa

This section aims to raise awareness of financial crimes committed in South Africa. It is compiled by the FIC, which fights crime by monitoring the proceeds of crime and combats money laundering and financing of terrorism.

Financial crime affects every South African, directly or indirectly, by robbing individual resources or draining the funds available for the country’s development. By knowing what to look out for, South Africans can avoid falling victim to common scams.

These case studies focus on a selection of prevalent crimes, defining each scheme, explaining how it works and how to avoid being a victim. Please use the search function below to learn more.

notes20 remittance scam What is it … The use of moneygrams to transfer the proceeds of crime across national borders … how it works Moneygrams – person-to-person money transfers – are a fast …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 77KB

notes66 419 scam What is it … Measured by monetary losses, 419 fraud is the world’s most prevalent scam … The 419 scam originated in the early 1980s in Nigeria, and is named after a section …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 58KB

fauna and flora by criminal elements to enrich … in the process as well as the … smuggling of ivory, abalone, endangered species and rhino horns … Specific natural resources are targeted by …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 146KB

notes26 use of front companies What is it … Front companies are used to conceal the proceeds of illicit activities … how it works Criminals set up or use businesses to launder money …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 52KB

from their trust accounts for normal business expenses in contravention of …  Transfers from attorneys’ trust accounts into personal accounts …  Absence of a business account to service the …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 145KB

notes30 drug mules What is it … A “mule” is another name for a courier who physically smuggles illegal items across a national border … how it works Drug mules are hired to reduce the risk …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 56KB

a form of fraud that lead to monetary losses for the entity involved … duplicate payment into the perpetrator’s account … An entity will make a payment to a service provider …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 156KB

 Suspicious credits outside of normal salary credits …  High value vehicles and immovable property …  Use of third party accounts, often family members … The FIC established that the subject …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 146KB

notes23 ponzi scheme What is it … it offers investors unusually high returns, but the payouts do not come from actual profits – the victim’s own money, or money paid by subsequent …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 56KB

Cybercrime is the utilisation of technology to commit crime … Cyber criminals steal credit card details, online banking passwords and any other data that can compromise entities or …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 145KB