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 Case Studies

Combating financial crime in South Africa

This section aims to raise awareness of financial crimes committed in South Africa. It is compiled by the FIC, which fights crime by monitoring the proceeds of crime and combats money laundering and financing of terrorism.

Financial crime affects every South African, directly or indirectly, by robbing individual resources or draining the funds available for the country’s development. By knowing what to look out for, South Africans can avoid falling victim to common scams.

These case studies focus on a selection of prevalent crimes, defining each scheme, explaining how it works and how to avoid being a victim. Please use the search function below to learn more.

notes10 pyramid scheme What is it … A form of fraud that promises participants payment or services for recruiting others into what is presented as a legitimate business …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 55KB

notes23 ponzi scheme What is it … it offers investors unusually high returns, but the payouts do not come from actual profits – the victim’s own money, or money paid by subsequent …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 56KB

notes20 remittance scam What is it … The use of moneygrams to transfer the proceeds of crime across national borders … how it works Moneygrams – person-to-person money transfers – are a fast …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 77KB

 Suspicious credits outside of normal salary credits …  High value vehicles and immovable property …  Use of third party accounts, often family members … The FIC established that the subject …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 146KB

fauna and flora by criminal elements to enrich … in the process as well as the … smuggling of ivory, abalone, endangered species and rhino horns … Specific natural resources are targeted by …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 146KB

notes66 419 scam What is it … Measured by monetary losses, 419 fraud is the world’s most prevalent scam … The 419 scam originated in the early 1980s in Nigeria, and is named after a section …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 58KB

explained in South African legislation, deals with dishonest or fraudulent conduct by … those in power, typically involving bribery for some type of gain … The FIC was part of a multiagency …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 145KB

 Suspicious deposits of large amounts in small denomination notes …  Rapid cash in and out of funds …  Acquisition of high value assets (i.e. property, vehicles …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 42KB

notes30 drug mules What is it … A “mule” is another name for a courier who physically smuggles illegal items across a national border … how it works Drug mules are hired to reduce the risk …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 56KB

notes16 trade-based money laundering What is it … Money laundering is the processing of criminal proceeds to disguise their illegal origin … it is typically used to disguise the profits of …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 62KB