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 Case Studies

Combating financial crime in South Africa

This section aims to raise awareness of financial crimes committed in South Africa. It is compiled by the FIC, which fights crime by monitoring the proceeds of crime and combats money laundering and financing of terrorism.

Financial crime affects every South African, directly or indirectly, by robbing individual resources or draining the funds available for the country’s development. By knowing what to look out for, South Africans can avoid falling victim to common scams.

These case studies focus on a selection of prevalent crimes, defining each scheme, explaining how it works and how to avoid being a victim. Please use the search function below to learn more.

Precious metal smuggling can take the form of either trading in illegally mined precious metals or … obtaining the mined metals illegally and then selling it, with …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 146KB

notes26 use of front companies What is it … Front companies are used to conceal the proceeds of illicit activities … how it works Criminals set up or use businesses to launder money …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 52KB

notes20 remittance scam What is it … The use of moneygrams to transfer the proceeds of crime across national borders … how it works Moneygrams – person-to-person money transfers – are a fast …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 77KB

a form of fraud that lead to monetary losses for the entity involved … duplicate payment into the perpetrator’s account … An entity will make a payment to a service provider …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 156KB

recruiting people rather than selling products … The originator of the scheme usually makes an initial payment and thereafter others need to be recruited … The continued growth of the scheme …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 146KB

 Suspicious deposits of large amounts in small denomination notes …  Rapid cash in and out of funds …  Acquisition of high value assets (i.e. property, vehicles …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 42KB

explained in South African legislation, deals with dishonest or fraudulent conduct by … those in power, typically involving bribery for some type of gain … The FIC was part of a multiagency …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 145KB

the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission … Entities are registered with the CIPC with names very similar to existing entities … Accounts are then opened in the name of these …
Date: 5/14/2018 Size: 147KB

notes10 pyramid scheme What is it … A form of fraud that promises participants payment or services for recruiting others into what is presented as a legitimate business …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 55KB

notes13 account hijacking What is it … An account hijacker uses another person’s bank account … how it works A person, often unemployed or a low-income earner, is paid to open a bank account …
Date: 8/15/2016 Size: 152KB